Fiber optic cabling

What fiber optic cables are and how they differ from metal wiring.

Fiber optic connectivity has ushered in a new world of high speed voice, video and data communications. Since the invention of the electromagnet and the telegraph in the 1820s, electrical wiring has utilized copper :  high conductivity , high tensile strength  and high ductility. Copper is great for electrical applications, but when it comes to network and telecomm situations optical fiber wins.

A TECHNOLOGY THAT USES GLASS (OR PLASTIC) THREADS (FIBERS) TO TRANSMIT DATA. A FIBER OPTIC CABLE CONSISTS OF A BUNDLE OF GLASS THREADS, EACH OF WHICH IS CAPABLE OF TRANSMITTING MESSAGES MODULATED ONTO LIGHT WAVES.

Fiber Optic Advantages

  • Much greater bandwidth than metal cables. This means that they can carry more data.
  • Less susceptible than metal cables to interference.
  • Much thinner and lighter than metal wires.
  • Data can be transmitted digitally (the natural form for computer data) rather than analogically.
  • Why Fiber Optic

    Fiber optics is a particularly popular technology for local-area networks. In addition, telephone companies are steadily replacing traditional telephone lines with optical fiber cables.

    These cables can transmit far more information, with a greater degree of fidelity, over greater distances. And since it’s harder to “tap” than copper, it has the added benefit of extra security for the data being transmitted.

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